Sequential hydroxyurea-cytarabine chemotherapy for refractory non-Hodgkin's lymphoma

R. L. Schilsky, S. F. Williams, J. E. Ultmann, S. Watson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

In experimental systems, hydroxyurea (HU) and cytarabine (ara-C) produce synergistic cytotoxicity to murine and human leukemia cells due to both cytokinetic and biochemical interactions that tend to enhance the effectiveness of ara-C. Therefore, we began a phase II trial of the combination of HU and ara-C to determine the efficacy and toxicity of this combination in treatment of patients with refractory non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Chemotherapy began with HU 500 mg administered orally every six hours for four doses. Twelve hours following the fourth HU dose, ara-C 100 mg/m2/d was administered by continuous intravenous (IV) infusion for three days. Concomitantly with the three-day ara-C infusion, patients again received HU 500 mg orally every four hours. Cycles of therapy were repeated every 28 days. Twenty-five patients ranging in age from 26 to 70 years were enrolled in the study. Of 21 patients evaluable for response, nine (43%) obtained complete (CR) or partial remissions (PR). Most responding patients had either large-cell or cutaneous T cell lymphoma, and all but two had a performance status of 0 to 1 at entry in the study. The median survival for all responding patients was 13 months compared with 2.5 months for nonresponders. Patients obtaining a CR had a median survival of 27.5 months, and two of the four CRs remain alive and in remission at 10+ and 30+ months from achievement of CR status. The primary toxic effect of this regimen was bone marrow suppression. The median WBC nadir was 2,200 cells/μL, and the median platelat nadir was 80,000/μL. Other toxicities included mild nausea and vomiting and diffuse maculopapular rash. This biochemically rational approach to enhancing ara-C activity may have significant clinical utility and should be further explored in treatment of patients with large-cell and cutaneous T cell lymphomas.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)419-425
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Clinical Oncology
Volume5
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1987
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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