Serial 7-Day Electrocardiogram Patch Screening for AF in High-Risk Older Women by the CHARGE-AF Score

Jeffrey Y. Lin, Joseph Larson, Jenny Schoenberg, Alejandra Sepulveda, Lesley Tinker, Matthew Wheeler, Christine Albert, Jo Ann E. Manson, Gretchen Wells, Lisa W. Martin, Victor Froelicher, Mike LaMonte, Charles Kooperberg, Mark A. Hlatky, Philip Greenland, Marcia L. Stefanick, Marco V. Perez*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Background: Asymptomatic atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with an increased risk of stroke. The yield of serial electrocardiographic (ECG) screening for AF is unknown. Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of AF detected by serial, 7-day ECG patch screenings in older women identified as having an elevated risk of AF according to the CHARGE (Cohorts for Heart and Aging Research in Genomic Epidemiology)-AF clinical prediction score. Methods: Postmenopausal women with a 5-year predicted risk of new-onset AF ≥5% according to CHARGE-AF were recruited from the ongoing WHISH (Women's Health Initiative Strong and Healthy) randomized trial of a physical activity intervention. Participants with AF at baseline by self-report or medical records review were excluded. Screening with 7-day ECG patch monitors was performed at baseline, 6 months, and 12 months from study enrollment. Results: On baseline monitoring, 2.5% of the cohort had AF detected, increasing to 3.7% by 6 months and 4.9% cumulatively by 12 months. Yield of patch screening was higher among participants with a higher (≥10%) CHARGE-AF score: 4.2% had AF detected at baseline, 5.9% at 6 months, and 7.2% at 12 months. Most participants with patch-identified AF never had a clinical diagnosis of AF (36 of 46 [78%]). Conclusions: Older women with an elevated CHARGE-AF score had a high prevalence of AF on 7-day ECG patch screening. Serial screening over 12 months substantially increased the detection of AF. These data can be useful in helping identify high-risk participants for enrollment in future studies of the management of asymptomatic AF.(Women's Health Initiative Silent Atrial Fibrillation Recording Study [WHISH STAR]; NCT05366803.)

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1523-1534
Number of pages12
JournalJACC: Clinical Electrophysiology
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2022


  • Women's Health Initiative
  • arrhythmias
  • atrial fibrillation
  • screening

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)


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