Serine protease inhibitor 6-deficient mice have increased neutrophil immunity to Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Manling Zhang, Ni Liu, Sun Mi Park, Yue Wang, Susan Byrne, Andrea E. Murmann, Scott Bahr, Marcus E. Peter, Steven T. Olson, Abderrazzaq Belaaouaj, Philip G. Ashton-Rickardt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Inflammation is a localized, protective response to trauma or microbial invasion that destroys the injurious agent and the injured tissue. Neutrophil elastase (NE), a serine protease stored in the azurophil granules of polymorphonuclear neutrophils, digests microbes after phagocytosis. NE can also digest microbes extracellularly but is associated with tissue damage and inflammatory disease. In this study, we show that polymorphonuclear neutrophils from mice deficient in serine protease inhibitor 6, a weak intracellular NE inhibitor, had increased susceptibility to self-inflicted lysis because of increased NE activity. The resulting transient increase in local extracellular NE activity was within a narrow range that resulted in the clearance of Pseudomonas aeruginosa but did not damage the lung. Therefore, deficiency in a weak intracellular inhibitor of NE results in an acute inflammatory response that protects from P. aeruginosa but does not cause lung disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4390-4396
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume179
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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