Serious infections in hospitalized patients with psoriasis in the United States

Derek Y. Hsu, Kenneth Gordon, Jonathan I. Silverberg*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Patients with psoriasis have multiple risk factors for serious infections, including immune dysregulation, systemic immunosuppressive medications, and comorbid health conditions. Objective We sought to determine rates and predictors of serious infections in hospitalized psoriasis patients and quantify costs of care, length of stay, and mortality. Methods We conducted a cross-sectional study of the Nationwide Inpatient Sample from 2002 to 2012, containing a representative 20% sample of all hospitalizations in the United States. Results In multivariate logistic regression models, psoriasis was associated with multiple serious infections, including methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (odds ratio [OR] 1.76, 95% confidence intervals [CI] 1.52-2.03), cellulitis (OR 3.21, 95% CI 3.12-3.30), herpes simplex virus infection (OR 2.21, 95% CI 1.70-2.89), infectious arthritis (OR 1.82, 95% CI 1.58-2.09), osteomyelitis (OR 1.31, 95% CI 1.18-1.46), meningitis (OR 1.31, 95% CI 1.16-1.47), encephalitis (OR 1.22, 95% CI 1.02-1.47), and tuberculosis (OR 1.34, 95% CI 1.20-1.49). Among patients with psoriasis, rates of serious infections increased over all time intervals analyzed (P = .01) and were significantly higher compared with those without psoriasis across all time intervals (P < .0001). The mean length of stay (6.6 ± 0.1 days) and cost of care ($13,291 ± $166) for psoriasis patients with serious infections was higher than that of psoriasis patients without serious infections (4.6 ± 0.03 days; $11,003 ± $96; P < .0001). Limitations The study was limited to inpatients. Medication data were not available. Conclusion Serious infections are increasing in incidence in US inpatients with psoriasis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)287-296
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Volume75
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2016

Keywords

  • biologics
  • cost of care
  • hospitalization
  • length of stay
  • methotrexate
  • psoriasis
  • serious infection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology

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