Serum prolactin in breastfeeding: State of the science

Pamela D. Hill, Robert T. Chatterton, Jean C. Aldag

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


Prolactin is one of two major hormones involved in lactation. While the role of infant suckling and oxytocin in the lactation process are well understood, the role of prolactin is less clear. A variety of factors related to prolactin have been investigated, and these are used as an organizing framework for this article. Factors include pregnancy, lactation, nursing frequency, prior lactation experience, milk production, and pharmacologic agents. The literature, while substantial in amount, presents inconsistencies. Implications for practice are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)65-75
Number of pages11
JournalBiological research for nursing
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1999


  • Breastfeeding
  • Lactation
  • Milk production
  • Prolactin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Research and Theory


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