We measured the serum concentrations of tumor necrosis factor (TNF-alpha), interleukin 1-beta (IL-1-beta), p24 antigen, CD4+/CD8+ cells and immunoglobulins in 35 children at various stages of human immunodeficiency virus infection. Serum TNF-alpha concentrations were significantly higher in children with lymphocytic interstitial pneumonitis and in children with mildly symptomatic illness than in asymptomatic children or children with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. In addition serum IL-1 concentrations were significantly higher in patients with lymphocytic interstitial pneumonitis than in asymptomatic, mildly symptomatic, or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome patients. Children with lymphocytic interstitial pneumonitis had the highest serum TNF-alpha and IL-1 concentrations. Among symptomatic children serum TNF-alpha concentrations correlated positively with those of IL-1, and both were inversely related to the amount of p24 antigen. TNF-alpha values in excess of 50 pg/ ml were observed more frequently among patients with CD4+ cell count > 400/mm3 than in those with CD4+ cell count > 400/mm3. We did not find any association between elevated TNF-alpha concentrations and cachexia, opportunistic infections or progressive encephalopathy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Microbiology (medical)
- Infectious Diseases