Studies of stroke trends have focused primarily on incidence, mortality, and hospitalization rates. There has been little evaluation of changes over time in the common patient characteristics, medical comorbidities, and functional outcomes of patients. The present study evaluated changes during a 7-year period. We found that while demographic variables, stroke severity, and most stroke characteristics remained relatively stable, disability levels at admission and discharge decreased and frequencies of both medical tube usage and many secondary medical complications increased over time. These changes have important implications for the clinical management of stroke patients in rehabilitation and for the organization and financing of stroke rehabilitation programs.
- Functional outcomes, medical complications, rehabilitation, stroke
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Community and Home Care
- Clinical Neurology