We report a case of severe shivering resulting in rhabdomyolysis while on venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) that resolved after hyperthermia was induced using the ECMO circuit. The patient developed shivering approximately 24 hours after venoarterial ECMO cannulation for refractory ventricular tachycardia. The shivering caused rhabdomyolysis and necessitated cisatracurium infusion. The shivering failed to resolve after the patient was diagnosed and treated for ventilator-associated pneumonia. Suspecting sepsis as the etiology of shivering, the ECMO circuit temperature was increased to 38 °C, and the shivering was resolved. This case demonstrates therapeutic hyperthermia to treat infection-induced severe shivering and rhabdomyolysis while on ECMO.
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