Sex Differences in Ablation Strategy, Lesion Sets, and Complications of Catheter Ablation for Atrial Fibrillation: An Analysis From the GWTG-AFIB Registry

GWTG-AFIB Working Group*

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: When presenting for atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation, women, compared with men, tend to have more nonpulmonary vein triggers and advanced atrial disease. Whether this informs differences in AF ablation strategy is not well described. We aimed to characterize ablation strategy and complications by sex, using the Get With The Guidelines-AF registry. METHODS: From the Get With The Guidelines-AF registry ablation feature, we included patients who underwent initial AF ablation procedure between January 7, 2016, and December 27, 2019. Patients were stratified based on AF type (paroxysmal versus nonparoxysmal) and sex. We compared patient demographics, ablation strategy, and complications by sex. RESULTS: Among 5356 patients from 31 sites who underwent AF ablation, 1969 were women (36.8%). Women, compared with men, were older (66.8±9.6 versus 63.4±10.6, P<0.0001) and were more likely to have paroxysmal AF (59.4% versus 49.5%, P<0.0001). In women with nonparoxysmal AF, left atrial linear ablation was more frequent (roof line: 53.9% versus 45.3%, P=0.0002; inferior mitral isthmus line: 10.2% versus 7.0%, P=0.01; floor line: 46.1% versus 40.6%, P=0.02) than in men. In multivariable analysis, the association between patient sex and complications from ablation was not statistically significant. CONCLUSIONS: In this US wide AF ablation quality improvement registry, women with nonparoxysmal AF were more likely to receive adjunctive lesion sets compared with men. These findings suggest that patient sex may inform ablation strategy in ways that may not be strongly supported by evidence and emphasize the need to clarify optimal ablation strategies by sex.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e009790
JournalCirculation. Arrhythmia and electrophysiology
Volume14
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2021

Keywords

  • atrial fibrillation
  • catheter ablation
  • quality improvement
  • women’s health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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