Sex hormones and change in N-terminal pro–B-type natriuretic peptide levels: The multi-ethnic study of atherosclerosis

Wendy Ying, Di Zhao, Pamela Ouyang, Vinita Subramanya, Dhananjay Vaidya, Chiadi E. Ndumele, Kavita Sharma, Sanjiv J. Shah, Susan R. Heckbert, Joao A. Lima, Christopher R. deFilippi, Matthew J. Budoff, Wendy S. Post, Erin D. Michos*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations


Context: Sex hormones may influence sex differences in cardiovascular disease (CVD). N-terminal pro–B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), a predictor of CVD, is higher in women than men, which may relate to sex hormones. Objective: To evaluate whether total testosterone (T), bioavailable T, free T, estradiol, dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), and SHBG are associated with NT-proBNP. Design: Cohort study. Participants: Cross-sectional sample included 2371 postmenopausal women and 2688 men free of CVD, of which 2041 women and 2348 men were included longitudinally. Main Outcome Measures: NT-proBNP at baseline (2000 to 2002) and one or more repeat NT-proBNPs (through 2012). Analyses adjusted for CVD risk factors. Results: Women had higher NT-proBNP than men (median 79.9 vs 38.5 pg/mL). Cross-sectionally, higher bioavailable T, free T, DHEA, and lower SHBG levels were independently associated with lower NT-proBNP among both women and men (all P, 0.05). Higher total T in women and estradiol in men were also associated with lower NT-proBNP (both P, 0.05). Longitudinally, in women, higher total T, bioavailable T, free T, DHEA, and lower estradiol and SHBG were associated with greater 10-year increase in NT-proBNP (all P, 0.05). In men, higher free T and estradiol were associated with greater NT-proBNP increase (both P, 0.05). Conclusions: A more androgenic sex hormone pattern was inversely associated with NT-proBNP cross-sectionally and may contribute to sex differences in NT-proBNP. Longitudinally, a more androgenic sex hormone pattern was associated with greater increase in NT-proBNP in women, which may reflect a mechanism for CVD risk after menopause.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4304-4314
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism
Issue number11
StatePublished - 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, medical
  • Endocrinology
  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism


Dive into the research topics of 'Sex hormones and change in N-terminal pro–B-type natriuretic peptide levels: The multi-ethnic study of atherosclerosis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this