Sex, prescribing practices and guideline recommended, blood pressure, and LDL cholesterol targets at baseline in the BARI 2D trial

Michelle F. Magee*, Jacqueline E. Tamis-Holland, Jiang Lu, Vera A. Bittner, Maria Mori Brooks, Neuza Lopes, Alice K. Jacobs, Katherine M. Detre, Sheryl F. Kelsey, Trevor J. Orchard, Stephen B. Thomas, Kim Sutton Tyrrell, Jamal S. Rana, Frani Averbach, Joan M. MacGregor, Scott M. O'Neal, Kathleen Pitluga, Veronica Sansing, Mary Tranchine, Sharon W. CrowMarianne Bertolet, Regina Hardison, Kevin Kip, Manuel Lombardero, Sue Janiszewski, Darina Protivnak, Sarah Reiser, Stephen Barton, Ping Guo, Yulia Kushner, Jeffrey P. Martin, Christopher Kania, Michael Kania, Jeffrey O'Donnell, Rae Ann Maxwell, Robert L. Frye, Suzanne Goldberg, Yves Rosenberg, Patrice Desvigne-Nickens, Abby Ershow, David Gordon, Dina Paltoo, Teresa L.Z. Jones, Whady Hueb, José Ramires, Bernardo Léo Wajchenberg, Eulogio E. Martinez, Sergio A. Oliveira, Expedito E. Ribeiro, Marcos Perin, Roberto Betti, Leonard Schwartz, George Steiner, Alan Barolet, Yolanda Groenewoud, Lisa Mighton, Kathy Camelon, Robert O'Rourke, Janet Blodgett, Edward Sako, Judith Nicastro, Robin Prescott, Charanjit Rihal, Frank Kennedy, Gregory Barsness, Amanda Basu, Alfredo Clavell, Robert Frye, David R. Holmes, Amir Lerman, Charles Mullaney, Guy Reeder, Robert Rizza, Hartzell Schaff, Steven Smith, Virend Somers, Thoralf Sundt, Henry Ting, R. Scott Wright, Pam Helgemoe, Diane Lesmeister, Deborah Rolbiecki, Luis Lepe-Montoya, Jorge Escobedo, Rafael Barraza, Rubén Baleón, Arturo Campos, Paula García, Carlos Lezama, Carlos Miramontes, Salvador Ocampo, Joaquí Peñafiel, Aquiles Valdespino, Raúl Verdín, Hé Albarrán, Fernando Ayala, Eduardo Chávez, Hé Murillo, Luisa Virginia Buitrón, Beatriz Rico-Verdin, Fabiola Angulo, Dale Adler, Austin Arthur Halle, Faramarz Ismail-Beigi, Suvinay Paranjape, Stacey Mazzurco, Karen Ridley, Kodangudi Ramanathan, Solomon Solomon, Barry Wall, Darryl Weinman, Tammy Touchstone, Lillie Douglas, Martial Bourassa, Jean Claude Tardif, Jean Louis Chiasson, Marc Andre Lavoie, Rémi Rabasa-Lhoret, Hélène Langelier, Suzy Foucher, Johanne Trudel, Scott Monrad, Vankeepuram Srinivas, Joel Zonszein, Jill Crandall, Helena Duffy, Eugen Vartolomei, Spencer King, Carl Jacobs, David Robertson, Marty Porter, Melanie Eley, Emmalee Nichols, Jennifer LaCorte, Melinda Mock, William Rogers, Fernando Ovalle, David Bell, Vijay K. Misra, William B. Hillegass, Raed Aqel, Penny Pierce, Melanie Smith, Leah Saag, Ashley Vaughn, Dwight Smith, Tiffany Grimes, Susan Rolli, Roberta Hill, Beth Dean Barrett, Clarinda Morehead, Ken Doss, Charles J Davidson, Mark E Molitch, Nirat Beohar, Elaine Massaro, Lynne Goodreau, Fabiola Arroyo, Petr Neužil, Lenka Pavlíɥková, Štěpánka Stehlíková, Jaroslav Benedik, Liz Coling, Richard Davies, Christopher Glover, Michel LeMay, Thierry Mesana, Teik Chye Ooi, Mark Silverman, Alexander Sorisky, Colette Favreau, Susan McClinton, Melvin Weiss, Irene Weiss, Leo Saulle, Harichandra Kannam, Joanne C. Kurylas, Lorraine Vasi, John Douglas, Ziyad Ghazzal, Laurence Sperling, Priya Dayamani, Suzanne Gebhart, Sabreena Basu, Tarek Helmy, Vin Tangpricha, Pamela Hyde, Margaret Jenkins, Barbara P. Grant, Kenneth Kent, William Suddath, Patricia Julien-Williams, Vida Reed, Carine Nassar, Gilles Dagenais, Claude Garceau, Dominique Auger, Christopher Buller, Tom Elliott, Krishnan Ramanathan, Donald Ricci, Rebecca Fox, Daniela Kolesniak, Michael Attubato, Frederick Feit, Stephen Richardson, Ivan Pena Sing, James Slater, Angela Amendola, Bernardo Vargas, Nicholas Tsapatsaris, Bartholomew Woods, Gary Cushing, Martin K. Rutter, Premranjan Singh, Gail DesRochers, Gail Woodhead, Deborah Gannon, Nancy Shinopulos Campbell, Michael Ragosta, Ian Sarembock, Eric Powers, Eugene Barrett, Linda Jahn, Karen Murie, Gladwin Das, Gardar Sigurdsson, Carl White, John Bantle, J. Bruce Redmon, Christine Kwong, Jeanine Albu, Judith S. Hochman, James Wilentz, Sylvaine Frances, Deborah Tormey, Carl Pepine, Karen Smith, Laurence Kennedy, Karen Brezner, Tempa Curry, Frank Bleyer, Stewart Albert, Arshag Mooradian, Sharon Plummer, Francisco Fuentes, Roberto Robles, Victor Lavis, Jaime Gomez, Cesar Iliescu, Carol Underwood, Maria Selin Fulton, Julie Gomez Ramirez, Jennifer Merta, Glenna Scott, Ashok Krishnaswami, Lynn Dowdell, Sarah Berkheimer, Adam Greenbaum, Fred Whitehouse, Raquel Pangilinan, Kelly Mann, Elliot Sternthal, Susana Ebner, Zoran Nedeljkovic, Paula Beardsley, David Schneider, Richard Pratley, William Cefalu, Joel Schnure, Michaelanne Rowen, Linda Tilton, Alan Niederman, Cristina Mata, Terri Kellerman, John Farmer, Alan J. Garber, Neal Kleiman, Nancy Howard, Debra Nichols, Madonna Pool, Christopher Granger, Mark Feinglos, George Adams, Jennifer Green, Bernadette Druken, Dani Underwood, J. Lawrence Stafford, Thomas Donner, Warren Laskey, Dana Beach, John Lopez, Andrew Davis, David Faxon, Sirimon Reutrakul, Emily Bayer, Oscar Marroquin, Howard Cohen, Mary Korytkowski, Glory Koerbel, Lisa Baxendell, Debbie Rosenfelder, Louise DeRiso, Carole Farrell, Tina Vita, Janet McGill, Ronald Krone, Richard Bach, Carol Recklein, Kristin M. Luepke, Mary Jane Clifton, Michael E. Farkouh, Michael C. Kim, Donald A. Smith, Ida Guzman, Arlene Travis, James O'Keefe, Alan Forker, William Isley, Richard Moe, Paul Kennedy, Margaret Rosson, Aimee Long, Eric Bates, William Herman, Rodica Pop-Busui, Claire Duvernoy, Martin Stevens, Ann Luciano, Cheryl Majors, Sheldon H. Gottlieb, Annabelle Rodriguez, Melanie Herr, David Williams, Robert J. Smith, Dawn J. Bbott, Marc J. Laufgraben, Mary Grogan, Janice Muratori, Gabriel Habib, Marco Marcelli, Issam A Mikati, Emilia Cordero, Gina Caldwell, David Chechter, Daniel Lorber, Phyllis August, Maisie Brown, Patricia Depree, Kurt Huber, Ursula Hanusch-Enserer, Nelly Jordanova, Dilek Cilesiz, Birgit Vogel, Ben McCallister, Michael Kleerekoper, Kelly Mandagere, Robert Urbanic, James Bengston, Bobby K. Kong, Andrew Pruitt, Jeffrey Sanfield, Carol Carulli, Ruth Churley-Strom, Raymond Magorien, Kwame Osei, Cecilia Casey Boyer, Richard Lee, Pasquale Palumbo, Joyce Wisbey, Edwin Alderman, Fumiaki Ikeno, Anne Schwarzkopf, Michael Steffes, Maren Nowicki, Jean Bucksa, Bernard Chaitman, Jane Eckstein, Karen Stocke, Mark A. Hlatky, Derek B. Boothroyd, Kathryn A. Melsop, Burton E. Sobel, Dagnija Neimane, Ami E. Iskandrian, Mary Beth Schaaf, Saul Genuth, Theresa Bongarno, Richard Nesto, Karen Hultberg, Helene Rosenhouse-Romeo, Georgia Pambianco, Michael Mock, L. Z.Jones Teresa, Sheryl Kelsey, Trevor Orchard, Thomas Ryan, Harold Lebovitz, Robert Brown, Gottlieb Friesinger, Edward Horton, Jay Mason, Renu Virmani, Lawrence Wechsler, C. Noel Bairey-Merz, Ward J. Ennedy, Elliott Antman, John Colwell, Sarah Fowler, Curt Furberg, Lee Goldman, Bruce Jennings, Scott Rankin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background. Research has shown less aggressive treatment and poorer control of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in women than men. Methods. We analyzed sex differences in pharmacotherapy strategies and attainment of goals for hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), blood pressure (BP), and low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) in patients with type 2 diabetes and established coronary artery disease enrolled into the BARI 2D trial. Results. Similar numbers of drugs were prescribed in both women and men. Women were less frequent on metformin or sulfonylurea and more likely to take insulin and to be on higher doses of hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA reductase inhibitors (statins) than men. After adjusting for baseline differences and treatment prescribed, women were less likely to achieve goals for HbA1c (OR = 0.71, 95% CI 0.57, 0.88) and LDL-C (OR = 0.64, 95% CI 0.53, 0.78). More antihypertensives were prescribed to women, and yet BP ≤ 130/80 mmHg did not differ by sex. Conclusions. Women entering the BARI 2D trial were as aggressively treated with drugs as men. Despite equivalent treatment, women less frequently met targets for HbA1c and LDL-C. Our findings suggest that there may be sex differences in response to drug therapies used to treat diabetes, hypertension, and hyperlipidemia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number610239
JournalInternational Journal of Endocrinology
Volume2015
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology
  • Endocrine and Autonomic Systems

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    Magee, M. F., Tamis-Holland, J. E., Lu, J., Bittner, V. A., Brooks, M. M., Lopes, N., Jacobs, A. K., Detre, K. M., Kelsey, S. F., Orchard, T. J., Thomas, S. B., Tyrrell, K. S., Rana, J. S., Averbach, F., MacGregor, J. M., O'Neal, S. M., Pitluga, K., Sansing, V., Tranchine, M., ... Rankin, S. (2015). Sex, prescribing practices and guideline recommended, blood pressure, and LDL cholesterol targets at baseline in the BARI 2D trial. International Journal of Endocrinology, 2015, [610239]. https://doi.org/10.1155/2015/610239