Sex-Specific Prognosis of Left Ventricular Size and Function Following Repair of Degenerative Mitral Regurgitation

Bryan Q. Abadie, Paul C. Cremer, Sneha Vakamudi, A. Marc Gillinov, Lars G. Svensson, Leslie Cho*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Background: Prior studies have demonstrated worse long-term outcomes for women after surgery for severe mitral regurgitation (MR). The current Class I indications for surgery for severe degenerative MR use cutoffs of left ventricular end-systolic dimension (LVESD) and left ventricular ejection fraction (EF) that do not account for known sex-related differences. Objectives: The primary objective of this study was to assess long-term mortality following mitral valve repair in women compared with men on the basis of preoperative left ventricular systolic dimensions and EF. Methods: Consecutive patients who underwent isolated mitral valve repair for degenerative MR at a single institution between 1994 and 2016 were screened. Adjusted HRs for all-cause mortality were compared according to baseline LVESD, LVESD indexed to body surface area (LVESDi), and EF for men and women. Results: Among 4,589 patients, 1,825 were women (40%), and after a median follow-up period of 7.2 years, 344 patients (7.5%) had died. The risk for mortality for women increased from the baseline hazard at an LVESD of 3.6 cm, whereas an inflection point for increased risk with LVESD was not evident in men. Regarding LVESDi, the risk for women increased at 1.8 cm/m2 compared with 2.1 cm/m2 in men. For EF, women and men had a similar inflection point (58%); however, mortality was higher for women as EF decreased. Conclusions: After mitral valve repair, women have a higher risk for all-cause mortality at lower LVESD and LVESDi and higher EF. These results support consideration of sex-specific thresholds for LVESDi in surgical decision making for patients with severe MR.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)303-312
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 16 2024


  • mitral regurgitation
  • mitral valve repair
  • sex-related health disparities

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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