Shadows of the past: Temporal retrieval effects in recognition memory

Greg Schwartz, Marc W. Howard, Bing Jing, Michael J. Kahana*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

65 Scopus citations


We examine whether temporally defined associations play a role in item recognition. The role of these associations in recall tasks is well known; we demonstrate an important role in item recognition as well. In this study, subjects were significantly more likely to recognize a test item as having been previously experienced if the preceding test item was studied in a temporally proximal list position than if the preceding test item came from a more distant list position. Further analyses showed that this associative effect was almost entirely due to cases in which the preceding test item received a highest-confidence recognition judgment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)898-904
Number of pages7
JournalPsychological Science
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Psychology


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