Shear strength and fracture behavior of reflowed Sn3.0Ag0.5Cu/Cu solder joints under various strain rates

Xiaowu Hu, Tao Xu, Leon M. Keer, Yulong Li*, Xiongxin Jiang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

The effects of strain rate on the shear fracture behavior of Sn3.0Ag0.5Cu/Cu solder joints with thin and thick interfacial intermetallic compound layers were investigated. A single lap-shear sample was designed to conduct the study. The Cu/Sn3.0Ag0.5Cu/Cu joints were reflowed at 250 °C and 280 °C for 10 min, respectively, resulting in formations of a thin (6.08 μm) and thick (13.25 μm) intermetallic compound layer between the solder and Cu substrate. The single lap-shear tests were performed at the shear strain rates of 5 × 10−4 s−1, 5 × 10−3 s−1, 2 × 10−2 s−1, 1 × 10−1 s−1and 2 × 10−1 s−1to observe the shear fracture behavior. Experimental results revealed that both the thickness of the interfacial intermetallic compound layer and strain rate had influence on the shear strength and failure mode of the solder joint. The shear strength of the solder joints increased with increasing strain rate, but decreased with thickness of the interfacial intermetallic compound layer. It was observed that the solder joints broke in a ductile manner at low strain rates (5 × 10−4 s−1, 5 × 10−3 s−1), although they exhibited a ductile-brittle mixed manner at intermediate (2 × 10−2 s−1) and a brittle manner at high strain rates (1 × 10−1 s−1, 2 × 10−1 s−1). In the case of low strain rates, the ductile fracture behavior of joints with thin and thick intermetallic compound layers were similar. Nevertheless, more cleavage and broken Cu6Sn5grains were detected on the fracture surface of the solder joint with a thick intermetallic compound layer as the strain rate increased to 2 × 10−2 s−1, 1 × 10−1 s−1and 2 × 10−1 s−1. Furthermore, when the strain rate of 2 × 10−1 s−1was applied, the solder joint with a thin intermetallic compound layer was completely broken inside the Cu6Sn5layer, but partly broken at the Cu6Sn5/Cu3Sn interface for the joints with a thick intermetallic compound layer. Four modes were proposed to explain the detailed ductile-to-brittle transition in failure behavior. In addition, the strain rate sensitivities of the solder joints with thin and thick interfacial intermetallic compound layers were also investigated. It was found that the strain rate of a solder joint with a thick interfacial intermetallic compound layer was lower than that of one with a thin interfacial intermetallic compound layer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)720-729
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Volume690
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Fracture behavior
  • Lead-free solder
  • Shear strength
  • Strain rate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

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