Short-term and family-reported long-term outcomes of simple versus complicated gastroschisis

Hope E. Arnold, Katherine J. Baxter, Heather L. Short, Curtis Travers, Amina Bhatia, Megan M. Durham, Mehul V. Raval*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Our goal is to determine short- and long-term outcomes of simple gastroschisis (SG) and complicated gastroschisis (CG) patients including quality of life (QoL) measures, surgical reoperation rates, and residual gastrointestinal symptom burden. Materials and methods Retrospective chart review of patients who underwent surgical repair of gastroschisis between January 1, 2009, and December 31, 2012, was performed at a quaternary children's hospital. Parent telephone surveys were conducted to collect information on subsequent operations and current health status as well as to assess QoL using two validated tools. Results Of 143 patients identified, 45 (31.5%) were reached and agreed to participate with a median follow-up age of 4.7 y. Although CG was associated with short-term outcomes such as longer length of stay, longer days to feeds, and higher complication rates, there were no major differences in long-term QoL outcomes when comparing SG and CG. Children with CG experienced abdominal pain/gas/diarrhea more often than those with SG and required more major abdominal procedures than those with SG (15% versus 0%, P = 0.009). Conclusions Despite worse short-term outcomes, presence of certain gastrointestinal symptoms, and need for more surgical interventions for patients with CG, and overall QoL scores were reassuringly similar to those with SG.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)79-88
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Surgical Research
Volume224
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2018

Keywords

  • Gastroschisis
  • Long-term outcomes
  • Patient-reported outcomes
  • Quality of life

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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