Persistent depression is a risk factor for poor recovery following hip fracture. The purpose of this study was to clarify the relationship between depression and functional recovery at one year and to investigate which characteristics discriminate people who are at greatest risk of poor outcomes. A total of 272 people ages 65 and older were evaluated in the hospital after hip fracture and followed with standardized measures of affect and physical, instrumental, and social function. Depression was assessed during hospitalization and at two months. Participants who were persistently depressed through two months exhibited poorer recovery than others. It was not possible to differentiate those who remained depressed from those whose depression resolved. Results suggest that persistent depression as a marker for poor recovery generalizes beyond hip fracture.
- Elderly people
- Hip fracture
- Risk factor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Sociology and Political Science