Shoulder region socket considerations

Troy Farnsworth*, Jack Uellendahl, Matthew J. Mikosz, Laura Miller, Branden Petersen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Amputations or congenital deficiencies in proximity to the glenohumeral joint traditionally have limited functional success and have a high rate of rejection. Many of the critical factors that have led to the high rejection rates are directly related to the design of the prosthetic socket. A good understanding of the factors that lead to rejection can be used to optimize the socket. Factors such as primary and secondary controls combine with biomechanical requirements to establish the unique requirements for each prosthetic system. There is not one socket design that works for all control types and functional applications. Socket designs that address the combination of biomechanical principles with the requirements of the control system employed will best serve the needs of the user. Case studies are presented to illustrate such a combined approach. Deficiency levels represented through the case reports are short transhumeral with brachial plexus and fused glenohumeral joint, humeral neck, shoulder disarticulation, interscapular thoracic and bilateral prosthetic users. Case studies illustrate various control methods including; myoelectric, cable-operated, body-motion operated electric (force sensor and force sensing resistor), activity specific, hybrid, and bilateral glenohumeral region fittings. A case study is also presented on the emerging technology of targeted muscle reinnervation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)93-106
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Prosthetics and Orthotics
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 1 2008


  • Bilateral upper limb
  • Brachial plexus injury
  • Forequarter
  • Humeral neck
  • Interface design
  • Interscapular thoracic
  • Shoulder
  • Shoulder disarticulation
  • Shoulder prosthesis
  • Socket design
  • Targeted muscle reinnervation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Rehabilitation


Dive into the research topics of 'Shoulder region socket considerations'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this