Shunt lesions Part I: Patent ductus arteriosus, atrial septal defect, ventricular septal defect, and atrioventricular septal defect

Carl L Backer, Osama Mohyeldin Eltayeb, Smichael C. Mongé, Mjaye Leslie Mazwi, John M Costello*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: This review summarizes the current understanding of the pathophysiology and perioperative management of patent ductus arteriosus, atrial septal defect, ventricular septal defect, and atrioventricular septal defect. Data Source: MEDLINE and PubMed. Conclusions: The four congenital cardiac lesions that are the subject of this review, patent ductus arteriosus, atrial septal defect, ventricular septal defect, and atrioventricular septal defect, are the most commonly found defects causing a left-to-right shunt. These defects frequently warrant transcatheter or surgical intervention. Although the perioperative care is relatively straightforward for many of these patients, there are a number of management strategies and complications associated with each intervention. The treatment outcomes for all of these lesions are very good in the current era.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S302-S309
JournalPediatric Critical Care Medicine
Volume17
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

Keywords

  • atrial septal defect
  • atrioventricular septal defect
  • cardiovascular disease
  • congenital heart disease
  • patent ductus arteriosus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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