Shunting in chronic post-traumatic hydrocephalus: Demonstration of neurophysiologic improvement

Lynne R. Sheffler, Valerie Y Ito*, Puliyodil A. Philip, Vinod Sahgal

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

The neuronal metabolic state that forms the cellular basis for cognitive functioning and motor behavior is dependent on cerebral perfusion. As intracerebral pressure increases, cerebral perfusion is compromised. The management of acute hydrocephalus after head trauma has been extensively described. In this article, we present evidence of clinical, cerebral perfusion, and neurophysiologic improvement in a 19-year-old patient with chronic post-traumatic hydrocephalus. Lethargy, gaze palsy, torticollis, and triplegia were noted 2 years postinjury in a neurologically stable patient. Computed axial tomography (CAT) scan confirmed marked enlargement of the third and fourth ventricles with a prominent subgaleal fluid collection. Intraoperative cerebral spinal fluid pressure was 26cm H2O despite hyperventilation. A ventriculo-peritoneal shunt was placed. Postoperatively, marked improvement in clinical exam, cerebral perfusion (SPECT scan), and evoked potentials correlated with the reemergence of the cerebral mantle on CAT scan and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Chronic obstructive hydrocephalus should be suspected and aggressively pursued in chronic head injury.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)338-341
Number of pages4
JournalArchives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Volume75
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Shunting in chronic post-traumatic hydrocephalus: Demonstration of neurophysiologic improvement'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this