The sodium/iodide symporter (NIS) is a membrane transport glycoprotein normally expressed in the thyroid gland and lactating mammary gland. NIS is a target for radioiodide imaging and therapeutic ablation of thyroid carcinomas and has the potential for similar use in breast cancer treatment. To facilitate NIS-mediated radionuclide therapy, it is necessary to identify signaling pathways that lead to increased NIS expression and function in breast cancer. We examined NIS expression in mammary tumors of 14 genetically engineered mouse models to identify genetic manipulations associated with NIS induction. The cAMP and phosphoinositide-3 kinase (PI3K) signaling pathways are associated with NIS up-regulation. We showed that activation of PI3K alone is sufficient to increase NIS expression and radioiodide uptake in MCF-7 human breast cancer cells, whereas cAMP stimulation increases NIS promoter activity and NIS mRNA levels but is not sufficient to increase radioiodide uptake. This study is the first to demonstrate that NIS expression is induced by cAMP and/or PI3K in breast cancer both in vivo and in vitro.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Biochemistry, medical