Forty-nine patients with chronic left bundle branch block and a normal frontal axis were compared with 53 patients with left bundle branch block and left axis deviation. The following clinical variables were more frequent (P < 0.05) in patients with left axis deviation: greater age, exertional angina, congestive heart failure, cardiomegaly, cardiac functional class II to IV, coronary artery disease and presence of organic heart disease. Absence of organic heart disease (primary conduction disease) was seen only in patients with a normal axis. Patients with left axis deviation had longer (P < 0.05) mean P-R, A-H and H-V intervals and atrial and atrioventricular (A-V) nodal effective refractory periods. All patients were prospectively followed up for 30 to 2,271 days with a mean ± standard error of the mean follow-up period of 538 ± 72 for the group with a normal axis and 604 ± 72 days for the group with left axis deviation (difference not significant). A-V block developed in three patients (6 percent) with left axis deviation and in none of those with a normal axis. The cumulative 4 year mortality rate for the entire group approached 75 percent. The patients with left axis deviation had greater cardiovascular mortality (P < 0.05). In conclusion, among patients with left bundle branch block, those with left axis deviation have a greater incidence of myocardial dysfunction, more advanced conduction disease and greater cardiovascular mortality than those with a normal axis.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine