Significance of T helper 17 immunity in transplantation

Farida Abadja, Bara Sarraj, Mohammed J. Ansari*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

39 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose of review: The aim of this review is to provide an overview of significance of T helper 17 (Th17) immunity in acute, chronic and antibody-mediated allograft rejection. The role of Th17 immunity in development of de-novo autoimmunity following transplantation is outlined. It will also consider the impact of Th17 immunity on transplantation tolerance. Potential therapies to target Th17 immunity are discussed. Recent findings: Interleukin17 (IL-17) is produced by a wide variety of immune and non-immune cells in response to injury. IL-17 production by tubular epithelial cells in response to complement activation in acute antibody-mediated rejection may perpetuate immune injury. Th17-dependent de-novo autoimmunity contributes to chronic allograft rejection. Targeting IL-17 not only inhibits Th17 immunity but also attenuates Th1 immunity by affecting the initial recruitment of immune cells to sites of inflammation and modulates innate and adaptive immune responses that ultimately lead to tissue destruction. Summary: Th17 immunity is now beginning to be appreciated as a set of responses mediated not only by CD4 Th17 cells but a variety of immune cells and a plethora of cytokines that collaborate to mediate immune disorders, including transplant rejection. Development and contribution of de-novo autoimmunity to chronic rejection is increasingly appreciated. The developmental plasticity of Tregs and Th17 cells is a major hurdle to Treg-based cellular therapies for transplantation. Several biologics targeting Th17 immunity are under evaluation for autoimmune disease. It remains to be determined whether these can be used in transplantation to improve outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8-14
Number of pages7
JournalCurrent opinion in organ transplantation
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2012

Keywords

  • acute allograft rejection
  • antibody-mediated rejection
  • chronic allograft rejection
  • interleukin 17
  • transplantation tolerance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Transplantation

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Significance of T helper 17 immunity in transplantation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this