Significant differences in the analytic concordance between anti-dsDNA IgG antibody assays for the diagnosis of systemic lupus erythematosus-Implications for inter-laboratory testing

Tyson R. Chiaro, Kenneth W. Davis, Andrew Wilson, Brenda Suh-Lailam, Anne E. Tebo*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Anti-double stranded DNA (anti-dsDNA) autoantibodies are considered hallmark of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Methods: To determine concordance between assays for the detection of this marker, we analyzed 100 antinuclear antibody (ANA) positive sera with a homogeneous pattern and titers ≥ 1:160 by indirect immunofluorescence assay (IFA) on HEp-2 cells, 100 consecutive anti-dsDNA IgG ELISA-negative as well as 100 healthy control samples using six commercial ELISAs and the Crithidia luciliae immunofluorescence test (CLIFT). Results: The positivity rates for the ELISAs in the ANA positive group ranged from 55.0 to 88.0% with specificities from 84.0 to 98.0%. The CLIFT had a positivity rate of 68.0% and specificity of 84%. In the previously screened anti-dsDNA IgG-negative group, the positivity rates ranged from 1 to 19%. The overall correlations between the ELISAs ranged from 73.0 to 89.5% and varied from 70.0 to 80.0% among specific ELISAs and CLIFT. Conclusions: Our data show variable degree of concordance between anti-dsDNA IgG ELISAs which may significantly impact inter-laboratory testing as well as the diagnosis and management of SLE patients. Although some of the ELISAs show comparable performance to the CLIFT, the degree of concordance between these assays at high antibody levels suggests that CLIFT is still a relevant confirmatory tool.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1076-1080
Number of pages5
JournalClinica Chimica Acta
Volume412
Issue number11-12
DOIs
StatePublished - May 12 2011

Keywords

  • Concordance
  • DsDNA antibodies
  • Method comparison

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical

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