Core-shell nanoparticles have emerged as an important class of functional nanostructures with potential applications in many diverse fields, especially in health sciences. We have used a modified aqueous sol-gel route for the synthesis of size-selective FePt@SiO2 core-shell nanoparticles. In this approach, oleic acid and olyel amine stabilized FePt nanoparticles are first encapsulated through an aminopropoxysilane (APS) monolayer and then subsequent condensation of triethoxysilane (TEOS) on FePt particle surface. These well-defined FePt@SiO2 core-shell nanoparticles with narrow size distribution become colloidal in aqueous media, and can thus be used as carrier fluid for biomolecular complexes. In comparison, the scarce hydrophilic nature of oleic acid monolayers on FePt particle surface yields an edgy partial coating of silica when only TEOS is applied for the surface modification. The synthesized core-shell nanoparticles were characterized by direct techniques of high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), EDS and indirectly via UV-vis absorption and FTIR studies. The FePt@SiO2 nanoparticles exhibit essential characteristics of superparamagnetic behavior, as investigated by SQUID magnetometry. The blocking temperatures (TB) of FePt and FePt@SiO2 (135 and 80 K) were studied using zero field cooled (ZFC)/field cooled (FC) curves.
- FePt nanoparticles
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry