Simulating the Eclipsing Binary Yields of the Rubin Observatory in the Galactic Field and Star Clusters

Aaron M. Geller*, Ava Polzin, Andrew Bowen, Adam Andrew Miller

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We present a study of the detection and recovery efficiency of the Rubin Observatory for detached eclipsing binaries (EBs) in the galactic field, globular clusters (GCs), and open clusters (OCs), with a focus on comparing two proposed observing strategies: a standard cadence (baseline) and a cadence that samples the galactic plane more evenly (colossus). We generate realistic input binary populations in all observing fields of the Rubin Observatory, simulate the expected observations in each filter, and attempt to characterize the EBs using these simulated observations. In our models, we predict that the baseline cadence will enable the Rubin Observatory to observe about three million EBs; our technique could recover and characterize nearly one million of these in the field and thousands within star clusters. If the colossus cadence is used, the number of recovered EBs would increase by an overall factor of about 1.7 in the field and in globular clusters, and a factor of about 3 in open clusters. Including semidetached and contact systems could increase the number of recovered EBs by an additional factor of about 2.5 to 3. Regardless of the cadence, observations from the Rubin Observatory could reveal statistically significant physical distinctions between the distributions of EB orbital elements between the field, GCs, and OCs. Simulations such as these can be used to bias correct the sample of Rubin Observatory EBs to study the intrinsic properties of the full binary populations in the field and star clusters.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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