Simulation of Bilateral Movement Training Through Mirror Reflection: A Case Report Demonstrating an Occupational Therapy Technique for Hemiparesis

Jennifer A. Stevens*, Mary Ellen Phillips Stoykov

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

51 Scopus citations

Abstract

In rehabilitation for hemiparesis, one of the goals of an occupational therapist is to practice upper extremity tasks with the recovering individual. The practice is intended to strengthen muscles and refine movements. It also provides examples for the recovering body and brain as they attempt to reestablish the now delicate cognitive and neural connections mediating voluntary behavior. However, the paresis significantly limits the movement sequence possibilities that may be physically practiced. We outline a method for using simulation of movement, which is intended to provide a means for experiencing a range of smooth and controlled movements completed by a paretic limb. The simulation provides a compelling perceptual experience of bilateral motion beyond the current capabilities of the affected limb. The benefits of this technique after a 3-week course of the simulation practice are exemplified by the presented case study that reveals improved function as demonstrated by increases in Fugl-Meyer scores and faster movement speeds as demonstrated by decreased movement times for the Jebsen test of hand function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)59-66
Number of pages8
JournalTopics in stroke rehabilitation
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2004

Keywords

  • Bilateral
  • Hemiparesis
  • Simulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Community and Home Care
  • Clinical Neurology

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