Simulation of microporosity formation in modified and unmodified A356 alloy castings

Julie Huang*, T. Mori, James G. Conley

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

56 Scopus citations


In order to comprehensively model both the performance and inspectability of early design stage safety critical aluminum castings, the size, shape, and location of defects such as pores should be determined by simulation. In this article, a two-dimensional (2-D) model to predict grain size, pore size, pore morphology, and location is presented. The proposed model couples hydrogen gas evolution and microshrinkage pore formation mechanisms with a grain growth simulation model. The nucleation and growth of grains are modeled with a probabilistic method that uses the information from a macroscale heat transfer simulation to determine the rules of transition for grain evolution. Microshrinkage pores and the combination of microshrinkage and gas pores are addressed. The proposed model and postprocessing can provide direct simulated views of the microstructure of the solidifying casting. In the present work, the effect of Sr modifier and hydrogen content on pore size and morphology for equiaxed aluminum alloy A356 is modeled. The simulation results correlate well with the experimental observation of cast structures and other published data. In addition, Sievert's law and the conditions for spontaneous growth of a gas pore are derived from first principles in the Appendix.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1249-1260
Number of pages12
JournalMetallurgical and Materials Transactions B: Process Metallurgy and Materials Processing Science
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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