Simultaneous Endoscopic and Microscopic Visualization in Microvascular Decompression for Hemifacial Spasm

Ben G. McGahan, Thiago Albonette-Felicio, Daniel C. Kreatsoulas, Stephen T. Magill, Douglas A. Hardesty, Daniel M. Prevedello*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


BACKGROUND: Hemifacial spasm (HFS) is a socially limiting condition leading to decreased quality of life that can be treated with microvascular decompression (MVD). Endoscopy has been described as an adjunct to traditional microscopy for MVD, although the best visualization technique is debated. OBJECTIVE: To review the current literature on use of endoscopy in MVD for HFS and to describe the simultaneous microscopic and endoscopic visualization technique along with a video illustration. METHODS: Patients who underwent MVD for HFS were retrospectively reviewed from January 2011 to December 2019. The first set of patients in the series were done using traditional endoscopic assisted visualization, followed by a change in technique in the subsequent patients using the simultaneous endoscopic technique. The surgical technique is described as well as illustrated with a video. RESULTS: In total, 21 patients underwent 24 MVDs to treat HFS. The simultaneous endoscopic/microscopic technique was used in 48% of cases for visualization. All but one patient had resolution of their symptoms immediately after the procedure. In total, 7 patients had recurrence of HFS, with 4 (17%) resolving spontaneously and 3 (13%) ultimately undergoing redo MVD. Postoperatively 7 patients (29%) had transient complications that all resolved completely. There was no significant difference between the traditional alternating microscopic and endoscopic technique with the simultaneous endoscopic microscopic technique. CONCLUSION: Endoscopic assistance during MVD for HFS is beneficial and may be streamlined by using the simultaneous microscope and endoscope visualization technique.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)540-548
Number of pages9
JournalOperative Neurosurgery
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1 2021


  • Endoscope
  • Hemifacial spasm
  • Microscope
  • Microvascular decompression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology


Dive into the research topics of 'Simultaneous Endoscopic and Microscopic Visualization in Microvascular Decompression for Hemifacial Spasm'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this