Simultaneous imaging and functional assessment of cytoskeletal protein connections in passively loaded single muscle cells

Sameer B. Shah, Richard L. Lieber*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

We describe a novel system that permits simultaneous confocal imaging of protein interactions and measurement of cell mechanical properties during passive loading. A mechanical apparatus was designed to replace the stage of a confocal microscope, enabling cell manipulation, force transduction, and imaging. In addition, image processing algorithms were developed to quantify the degree of connectivity between subcellular structures. Using this system, we examined the interactions among three cellular structures thought to be linked by the muscle's intermediate filament system: Z-disks, nuclei, and the costamere protein complexes located at the muscle cell surface. Fast Fourier transforms (FFTs) and autocorrelations (ACs) were implemented to quantify image periodicity and relative phase shifts among structures. We demonstrated in sample wild-type muscle cells that there was significant connectivity among Z-disks in the same fiber at various sarcomere lengths, as well as between Z-disks and the costamere complexes. This approach can be applied to any cell system in which structural periodicity and mechanical connectivity are of interest.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)19-29
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry
Volume51
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2003

Keywords

  • Costamere
  • Image analysis
  • Sarcomere length
  • Talin
  • α-actinin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anatomy
  • Histology

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