Introduction: Combining measures of key core domains (especially pain and function) into a composite endpoint that requires each patient to meet a threshold of improvement for each domain provides information on multiple aspects of osteoarthritis within individual patients. This pooled analysis of two phase 3 studies (NCT02697773, NCT02709486) explored single and composite endpoints for assessing within-patient improvement in knee or hip osteoarthritis symptoms following subcutaneous administration of tanezumab or placebo. Methods: Endpoints at week 16 included proportions of responders (≥ 30% improvement) in Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) Pain, WOMAC Physical Function, WOMAC Pain/Function composite, and weekly average pain; and patient acceptable symptom state (PASS) composite responders, minimal clinically important improvement (MCII) composite responders, Outcome Measures in Rheumatology-Osteoarthritis Research Society International (OMERACT-OARSI) responders, and sustained weekly average pain responders. Results: Pooled population comprised 1545 patients. Of patients who had a ≥ 30% improvement in WOMAC Pain and/or WOMAC Physical Function, 88.5% were WOMAC Pain/Function composite responders, 7.0% were WOMAC Pain (but not Function) responders, and 4.4% were WOMAC Function (but not Pain) responders. Of weekly average pain responders, 43.1% were PASS composite responders. Odds ratios (tanezumab 2.5 mg and 5 mg groups, respectively, vs placebo) were 1.75 and 1.86 (WOMAC Pain/Function composite responders), 1.41 and 1.65 (weekly average pain responders), 1.60 and 1.73 (PASS composite responders), 1.52 and 1.68 (MCII composite responders), 1.75 and 1.88 (OMERACT-OARSI responders), and 1.85 and 1.48 (sustained weekly average pain responders). Subgroup analyses suggested a greater magnitude of effect for patients with a knee index joint compared with hip on some endpoints. Conclusion: Responders on single pain endpoints were in many cases also responders on function or composite endpoints. Separation of tanezumab from placebo was similar and consistent across single and composite endpoints.
- Functional status
- Patient-reported outcome measures
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy