Single-Center Experience With the Senning Procedure in the Current Era

Giuseppe Ferro, Raghav Murthy, Vinod A. Sebastian, Kristine J. Guleserian, Joseph M. Forbess*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


The Senning procedure is an operative technique for atrial inversion in congenital heart anomalies. We sought to evaluate our contemporary outcomes employing this technique. A retrospective analysis of all patients who underwent the Senning procedure at our institution was performed. Hospital records were reviewed, and follow-up data were obtained to evaluate outcomes. Overall, a total of 19 patients underwent a Senning procedure between August 2005 and July 2014. Median age at repair was 594 days (range: 5 days to 15 years). Of those, 7 patients underwent a combined Senning-Rastelli operation and 10 patients underwent a double switch operation (arterial switch or atrial switch). Primary diagnosis was congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries (cc-TGA) in 17 patients. Associated lesions included ventricular septal defect (n = 10), pulmonary stenosis or atresia (n = 7), and Ebstein׳s anomaly of the tricuspid valve (n = 4). There was an operative death (5%). In all, 2 patients required superior vena cava baffle revision in the operating room. No new pulmonary venous or systemic venous baffle obstruction was observed during follow-up. A total of 5 (26%) patients developed heart block requiring pacemaker implantation. Actuarial survival was 81% at 5 years with a median follow-up of 38 months. The 2 patients in the cc-TGA group were subsequently transplanted. Surviving patients (n = 15) are all well at the last clinical follow-up, most with normal biventricular function. In conclusion, the Senning procedure offers excellent outcomes with regard to systemic and pulmonary venous baffle patency. Results in patients with cc-TGA, however, are affected by significant early mortality after Senning-Rastelli and incidence of left ventricular dysfunction after double switch; which should be considered during patient selection and surgical planning.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)514-520
Number of pages7
JournalSeminars in thoracic and cardiovascular surgery
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2 2016


  • Arterial switch
  • Atrial switch
  • Corrected Transposition
  • Double switch
  • Rastelli operation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Surgery


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