Single-crystal neutron diffraction study of β-Cs3(HSO4)2[H2-x(S xP1-x)O4] (x ≃ 0.5) at 15 K

S. M. Haile*, W. T. Klooster

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


The structure of β-Cs3(HSO4)2[H2-x(S xP1-x)O4] has been examined by single-crystal neutron diffraction at 15 K. The compound crystallizes in space group C2/c and contains four formula units in the unit cell, with lattice parameters a = 19.769 (9), b = 7.685 (2), c = 8.858 (3) Å and β = 100.60 (4)°. Refinement of P, S and H site occupancies indicated that the value of x (in the stoichiometry) is 0.500 (6). This, together with the unit-cell volume of 1322.8 (14) Å3, implies a density of 3.463 Mg m-3. The structure contains zigzag rows of XO4 anions, where X = P or S, that alternate, in a checkerboard fashion, with zigzag rows of Cs cations. Moreover, there is one proton site, H(3), with an occupancy of 0.25 and one X-atom site, X(1), that is occupied by 0.5 P and 0.5 S. These features are in general agreement with a previous X-ray structure determination carried out at 298 K. In contrast to the X-ray study, however, it was found that two different structural models adequately fit the diffraction data. In the first model, the proton vacancies and the P atoms were assumed to be randomly distributed over the H(3) and X(1) sites, respectively, and to have no impact on the local structure. In the second model, several atoms were assigned split occupancies over two neighboring sites, to reflect the presence or absence of a proton vacancy, and the presence of P or S on the X(1) site. Refinement assuming the first model, in which anisotropic displacement parameters for 12 of 14 atom sites in the asymmetric unit were employed, yielded residuals wR(F2) = 0.084 and wR(F) = 0.038. For the second model, in which anisotropic displacement parameters were utilized for only the five atoms that were not split relative to the first model, the residuals were wR(F2) = 0.081 and wR(F) = 0.036.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)285-296
Number of pages12
JournalActa Crystallographica Section B: Structural Science
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 1 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)


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