Single-dose pharmacokinetic study of lycopene delivered in a well-defined food-based lycopene delivery system (tomato paste-oil mixture) in healthy adult male subjects

David M. Gustin, Keith A. Rodvold*, Jeffery A. Sosman, Veda Diwadkar-Navsariwala, Maria Stacewicz-Sapuntzakis, Marlos Viana, James A. Crowell, Judith Murray, Patricia Tiller, Phyllis E. Bowen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

59 Scopus citations

Abstract

This report details the findings of a single-dose Phase I pharmacokinetic and toxicity study of a food-based formulation of lycopene in healthy adult male subjects. Five dosing groups (n = 5 per group) were sequentially treated with increasing doses of lycopene ranging from 10 to 120 mg. Blood samples were collected for a total of 28 days (672 h) after administration of single doses of lycopene. The mean time (tmax) to reach maximum total lycopene concentration (Cmax) ranged from 15.6 to 32.6 h. The Cmax for total lycopene ranged between 4.03 and 11.27 μg/dl (0.075-0.210 μM). Mean AUC0-96 and elimination half-life for total lycopene ranged from 214 to 655 μg h/dl (3.986-12.201 μmol h/l) and 28.1 and 61.6 h, respectively. The changes observed in lycopene exposure parameters (e.g., C max and AUC0-96) were not proportional to increments in dose, with larger increases observed at the lowest end of the dosing range (10-30 mg). Chylomicron lycopene was measured during the first 12 h with the differences observed among the dosing groups not reaching statistical significance. These findings may reflect a process of absorption that is saturable at very low dosing levels or may be explained by the large interindividual variability in attained lycopene concentrations that were observed within each dosing group. Pharmacokinetic parameters for trans - and cis-lycopene isomers were calculated and are reported here. The formulation was well tolerated with minimal side effects, which were mainly of gastrointestinal nature and of very low grade.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)850-860
Number of pages11
JournalCancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention
Volume13
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Oncology

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