A uniaxial constitutive equation describing the deviations from the linear principle of superposition of aging concrete at constant moisture content and temperature is presented. Both the creep increase (flow) at high stress and the stiffening (adaptation) due to low sustained compressive stress are modeled, the latter being of principal interest. The constitutive equation expresses the creep rate as a history integral with a singular kernel involving the time lag of creep strain. The integral has the property that the strain response is proportional to the stress history but depends nonlinearly on the stress history when nonproportional stress histories are superposed. The double power law for aging creep is a special limiting case. The constitutive relation is also explained in terms of the rate-process (activation energy) theory for the rate of bond ruptures causing creep. For structural creep problems a corresponding step-by-step integration algorithm which correctly captures the asymptotic properties of the integral is also developed. A good agreement with test data from the literature is achieved.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||19|
|Journal||Journal of Engineering Mechanics|
|State||Published - Jun 1983|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering