Si@SiOx/graphene hydrogel composite anode for lithium-ion battery

Xuejun Bai, Yueyang Yu, Harold H. Kung*, Biao Wang, Jianming Jiang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

132 Scopus citations


A porous 3D graphene hydrogel (GH) composite embedded with Si nanoparticles coated with an ultrathin SiOx layer (Si@SiOx/GH) is successfully synthesized using a solution-based self-assembly process. The thickness of the SiOx coating, formed by an ozone treatment of the 30-50 nm diameter Si particles, increases with the treatment temperature, and its formation results in the presence of Si2+ and Si4+ on the surface of the Si nanoparticles. The GH provides an electrically conducting network of interconnecting, micron-size open cells bounded by ultrathin stacked graphene sheets onto which the coated Si nanoparticles are dispersed. The agglomeration among the Si particles decreases with increasing extent of surface oxidation. Electrodes constructed with the Si@SiOx/GH containing 71 wt.% Si@SiOx exhibit a stable storage capacity of 1020 mAh g-1 at 4 A g-1 and 1640 mAh g-1 after 140 cycles at 0.1 A g-1. The outstanding electrochemical performance can be attributed to the porous, open cell 3D structure of GH, which provides a large internal space and flexible and electrically conductive graphenic matrix that can accommodate volumetric changes of Si nanoparticles and a highly porous 3D structure of high specific surface area that allows rapid diffusion of Li-ions and easy penetration of electrolyte.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)42-48
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Power Sources
StatePublished - Feb 29 2016


  • 3D structure
  • Anode materials
  • Graphene hydrogel
  • Lithium-ion battery
  • Silicon

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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