Sixteen novel mutations in the Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase gene in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: A decade of discoveries, defects and disputes

Peter M. Andersen*, Katherine B. Sims, Winnie W. Xin, Rosemary Kiely, Gilmore O'Neill, John Ravits, Erik Pioro, Yadollah Harati, Richard D. Brower, Johanan S. Levine, Hedvika U. Heinicke, William Seltzer, Michael Boss, Robert H. Brown

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

241 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: Since the discovery of mutations in the gene encoding Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD1) ten years ago, testing for SOD1 gene mutations has become a part of the investigation of patients with suspected motor neuron disease. We searched for novel SOD1 mutations and for clinical characteristics of patients with these mutations. Methods: Analysis was made of patient files at the Neurogenetic DNA Diagnostic Laboratory at Massachusetts General Hospital. We also scrutinized available medical records and examined patients with the different SOD1 mutations. Results: One hundred and forty eight (148) of 2045 amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients carried a disease-associated mutation in the SOD1 gene. The most prevalent was the A4V missense mutation, found in 41% of those patients. Sixteen novel exonic mutations (L8V, F20C, Q22L, H48R, T54R, S591, V87A, T88ΔTAD, A89T, V97M S105ΔSL, V118L, D124G, G141X, G147R, I151S) were found, bringing the total number of SOD1 gene mutations in ALS to 105. Conclusions: Mutations in the SOD1 gene are found both in sporadic and familial ALS cases without any definite predilection for any part of the gene. A common structural denominator for the 16 novel mutations or previously reported mutations is not obvious. Similarly, the nature of the putative acquired toxic function of mutant SOD1 remains unresolved. We conclude that patients with SOD1 mutations may infrequently show symptoms and signs unrelated to the motor systems, sometimes obscuring the diagnosis of ALS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)62-73
Number of pages12
JournalAmyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Other Motor Neuron Disorders
Volume4
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2003
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
  • Gain of function
  • Motor neuron disease-SOD1 mutation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology

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