Size and characteristics of the biomedical research workforce associated with U.S. National Institutes of Health extramural grants

Lindsay R. Pool, Robin M. Wagner*, Lindsey L. Scott, Deepshikha RoyChowdhury, Rediet Berhane, Charles Wu, Katrina Pearson, Jennifer A. Sutton, Walter T. Schaffer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

The U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) annually invests approximately $22 billion in biomedical research through its extramural grant programs. Since fiscal year (FY) 2010, all persons involved in research during the previous project year have been required to be listed on the annual grant progress report. These new data have enabled the production of the first-ever census of the NIH-funded extramural research workforce. Data were extracted from All Personnel Reports submitted for NIH grants funded in FY 2009, including position title, months of effort, academic degrees obtained, and personal identifiers. Data were de-duplicated to determine a unique person count. Person-years of effort (PYE) on NIH grants were computed. In FY 2009, NIH funded 50,885 grant projects, which created 313,049 full- and part-time positions spanning all job functions involved in biomedical research. These positions were staffed by 247,457 people at 2,604 institutions. These persons devoted 121,465 PYE to NIH grant-supported research. Research project grants each supported 6 full- or part-time positions, on average. Over 20% of positions were occupied by postdoctoral researchers and graduate and undergraduate students. These baseline data were used to project workforce estimates for FYs 2010-2014 and will serve as a foundation for future research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1023-1036
Number of pages14
JournalFASEB Journal
Volume30
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2016

Keywords

  • Career stage
  • Educational attainment
  • Occupation
  • Personnel age distribution
  • Researcher census

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

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  • Cite this

    Pool, L. R., Wagner, R. M., Scott, L. L., RoyChowdhury, D., Berhane, R., Wu, C., Pearson, K., Sutton, J. A., & Schaffer, W. T. (2016). Size and characteristics of the biomedical research workforce associated with U.S. National Institutes of Health extramural grants. FASEB Journal, 30(3), 1023-1036. https://doi.org/10.1096/fj.14-264358