Size effect on compressive strength of sandwich panels with fracture of woven laminate facesheet

John Bayldon*, Zdeněk P. Bažant, Isaac M. Daniel, Qiang Yu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Prismatic sandwich specimens of various sizes, geometrically scaled in the ratio 1:2:4:8, are subjected to eccentric axial compression and tested to failure. The sandwich core consists of a closed-cell polyvinyl chloride foam, and the facesheets are woven glassepoxy laminates, scaled by increasing the number of plies. The test results reveal a size effect on the mean nominal strength, which is strong enough to require consideration in design. The size effect observed is fitted with the size effect law of the energetic (deterministic) size effect theory. However, because of inevitable scatter and limited testing range, the precise form of the energetic size effect law to describe the test results is not unambiguous. The Weibull-type statistical size effect on the mean strength is ruled out because the specimens had small notches which caused the failure to occur in only one place in the specimen, and also because the observed failure mode was kink band propagation, previously shown to cause energetic size effect. Various fallacies in previous applications of Weibull theory to composites are also pointed out.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)169-174
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Engineering Materials and Technology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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