Skeletal measurement in the evaluation of congenital malformation syndromes

A. K. Poznanski, S. M. Garn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


The usual approach to the radiographic evaluation of the skeleton in congenital malformation syndromes is often subjective. Such subjective evaluation of metric and patterned differences is complicated by age changes in both absolute and relative bone sizes and by individual, familial and racial differences in bone size and bone proportions. In most cases, it is possible only to ascertain gross differences simply by radiographic inspection and without quantification of the degree of departure from 'normal'. It is shown that simple bone measurements, carefully taken, intelligently compared and imaginatively used, assist in the diagnosis of malformation syndromes and their evaluation and treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)125-138
Number of pages14
JournalBirth Defects: Original Article Series
Issue number9
StatePublished - 1974

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental Biology
  • Genetics(clinical)


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