Sleep and metabolic disease

J. Broussard*, K. L. Knutson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

The epidemics of obesity and diabetes are increasing rapidly world-wide. Due to the potentially devastating consequences of these metabolic diseases, it is imperative that modifiable causes of both diabetes and obesity be identified as potential areas of intervention. Although changes in diet and exercise have played an important role, another possible explanation for the epidemic is reduced sleep duration and quality. Sleep loss may be the result of either a voluntary restriction of time spent in bed or as a result of a sleep disorder. This chapter presents potential pathways leading from insufficient or disturbed sleep to diabetes and obesity, including impaired glucose metabolism, increases in appetite, and reduction in energy expenditure following reductions in sleep duration and/or quality. It explores the evidence for an association between metabolic diseases and sleep duration and quality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSleep, Health and Society
Subtitle of host publicationFrom Aetiology to Public Health
PublisherOxford University Press
Volume9780199566594
ISBN (Electronic)9780191595066
ISBN (Print)9780199566594
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2011

Keywords

  • Glucose metabolism
  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Quality
  • Sleep duration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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