Sleep disruption in chronic rhinosinusitis

Mahboobeh Mahdavinia*, Robert P. Schleimer, Ali Keshavarzian

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a common disease of the upper airways and paranasal sinuses with a marked decline in quality of life (QOL). CRS patients suffer from sleep disruption at a significantly higher proportion (60 to 75%) than in the general population (8–18 %). Sleep disruption in CRS causes decreased QOL and is linked to poor functional outcomes such as impaired cognitive function and depression. Areas covered: A systematic PubMed/Medline search was done to assess the results of studies that have investigated sleep and sleep disturbances in CRS. Expert commentary: These studies reported sleep disruption in most CRS patients. The main risk factors for sleep disruption in CRS include allergic rhinitis, smoking, and high SNOT-22 total scores. The literature is inconsistent with regard to the prevalence of sleep-related disordered breathing (e.g. obstructive sleep apnea) in CRS patients. Although nasal obstruction is linked to sleep disruption, the extent of sleep disruption in CRS seems to expand beyond that expected from physical blockage of the upper airways alone. Despite the high prevalence of sleep disruption in CRS, and its detrimental effects on QOL, the literature contains a paucity of studies that have investigated the mechanisms underlying this major problem in CRS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)457-465
Number of pages9
JournalExpert Review of Anti-Infective Therapy
Volume15
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 4 2017

Keywords

  • Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS)
  • infection
  • respiratory
  • sleep
  • sleep disruption

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Virology
  • Infectious Diseases

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