Sleep Patterns and Hypertension Using Actigraphy in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos

Alberto R. Ramos*, Jia Weng, Douglas M. Wallace, Megan R. Petrov, William K. Wohlgemuth, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Jose S. Loredo, Kathryn J. Reid, Phyllis C. Zee, Yasmin Mossavar-Rahmani, Sanjay R. Patel

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

55 Scopus citations


Background The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between actigraphy-based measures of sleep and prevalent hypertension in a sample of US Latinos. Methods We analyzed data from 2,148 participants of the Sueño Sleep Ancillary Study of the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL), who underwent 1 week of wrist actigraphy to characterize sleep duration, sleep efficiency, sleep fragmentation index, and daytime naps. Insomnia was defined as an Insomnia Severity Index ≥ 15. Hypertension was defined based on self-reported physician diagnosis. Survey linear regression was used to evaluate the association of sleep measures with hypertension prevalence. Sensitivity analyses excluded participants with an apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) ≥ 15 events/h. Results The mean age was 46.3 ± 11.6 years, and 65% of the sample consisted of women. The mean sleep duration was 6.7 ± 1.1 hours. Thirty-two percent of the sample had hypertension. After adjusting for age, sex, ethnic background, site, and AHI, each 10% reduction in sleep efficiency was associated with a 7.5% (95% CI, –12.9 to –2.2; P =.0061) greater hypertension prevalence, each 10% increase in sleep fragmentation index was associated with a 5.2% (95% CI, 1.4-8.9; P =.0071) greater hypertension prevalence, and frequent napping was associated with a 11.6% greater hypertension prevalence (95% CI, 5.5-17.7; P =.0002). In contrast, actigraphy-defined sleep duration (P =.20) and insomnia (P =.17) were not associated with hypertension. These findings persisted after excluding participants with an AHI ≥ 15 events/h. Conclusions Independent of sleep-disordered breathing, we observed associations between reduced sleep continuity and daytime napping, but not short sleep duration, and prevalent hypertension.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)87-93
Number of pages7
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2018


  • Hispanic
  • hypertension
  • insomnia
  • sleep duration
  • sleep quality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine


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