Introduction: Phase 3 study MCI186-19 demonstrated less loss of physical function with edaravone versus placebo, as measured by the revised Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Functional Rating Scale (ALSFRS-R) total score. A 1-point drop in an individual ALSFRS-R item may be clinically meaningful. We assessed ALSFRS-R item score changes to identify clinical features protected by edaravone treatment. Methods: Time-to-event analysis was used to assess the cumulative probabilities of reductions in ALSFRS-R item scores and Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Assessment Questionnaire (ALSAQ-40) subdomain scores. Results: Edaravone use was accompanied by: (1) delayed drop of ≥1 point in ALSFRS-R item score for four items: salivation, walking, climbing stairs, orthopnea (unadjusted), or for two items: walking, climbing stairs (after Bonferroni correction for multiple comparisons); (2) delayed score transition from 4 or 3 at baseline to ≤2 for five items: swallowing, eating motion, walking, climbing stairs, orthopnea (unadjusted), or for one item: climbing stairs (after Bonferroni correction for multiple comparisons); and (3) delayed worsening of ALSAQ-40 domain scores representing daily living/independence, eating and drinking (unadjusted). Discussion: These post-hoc analyses identified the ALSFRS-R item scores and ALSAQ-40 domain scores that were associated with preserved gross motor function and health-related quality of life, respectively, after edaravone treatment. Limitations of post-hoc analyses should be considered when interpreting these results. We recommend that clinical trials employing the ALSFRS-R include this type of analysis as a pre-specified secondary outcome measure.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
- Physiology (medical)