TY - JOUR

T1 - Small-N collisional dynamics - III

T2 - The battle for the realm of not-so-small-N

AU - Leigh, Nathan W.C.

AU - Geller, Aaron M.

AU - Shara, Michael M.

AU - Garland, James

AU - Clees-Baron, Harper

AU - Ahmed, Alejandro

N1 - Funding Information:
The authors gratefully acknowledge the considerable efforts by Mirek Giersz in reviewing our paper. The manuscript vastly improved because of this. NWCL gratefully acknowledges support from the American Museum of Natural History and the Richard Guilder Graduate School, specifically the Kalbfleisch Fellowship Program, as well as support from a National Science Foundation Award No. AST 11-09395. AMG is funded by a National Science Foundation Astronomy and Astrophysics Postdoctoral Fellowship under Award No. AST-1302765.
Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 The Authors.

PY - 2017/10

Y1 - 2017/10

N2 - In this paper, the third in the series, we continue our study of combinatorics in chaotic Newtonian dynamics. We study the chaotic four-body problem in Newtonian gravity assuming finite-sized particles, and we focus on interactions that produce direct collisions between any two stars. Our long-term goal is to construct an equation that gives the probability of a given collision event occurring over the course of the interaction, as a function of the total encounter energy and angular momentum as well as the numbers and properties of the particles. In previous papers, we varied the number of interacting particles and the distribution of particle radii for all equal mass particles. Here, we focus on the effects of different combinations of particle masses. We develop an analytic formalism for calculating the time-scales for different collision scenarios to occur. Our analytic time-scales reproduce the simulated time-scales when gravitational focusing is included. We present a method for calculating the relative rates for different types of collisions to occur, assuming two different limits for the particle orbits: radial and tangential. These limits yield relative collision probabilities that bracket the probabilities we obtain directly from numerical scattering experiments and are designed to reveal important information about the (time-averaged) trajectories of the particles as a function of the interaction parameters. Finally, we present a collision rate diagram (CRD), which directly compares the predictions of our analytic rates to the simulations and quantifies the quality of the agreement. The CRD will facilitate refining our analytic collision rates in future work, as we expand in to the remaining parameter space.

AB - In this paper, the third in the series, we continue our study of combinatorics in chaotic Newtonian dynamics. We study the chaotic four-body problem in Newtonian gravity assuming finite-sized particles, and we focus on interactions that produce direct collisions between any two stars. Our long-term goal is to construct an equation that gives the probability of a given collision event occurring over the course of the interaction, as a function of the total encounter energy and angular momentum as well as the numbers and properties of the particles. In previous papers, we varied the number of interacting particles and the distribution of particle radii for all equal mass particles. Here, we focus on the effects of different combinations of particle masses. We develop an analytic formalism for calculating the time-scales for different collision scenarios to occur. Our analytic time-scales reproduce the simulated time-scales when gravitational focusing is included. We present a method for calculating the relative rates for different types of collisions to occur, assuming two different limits for the particle orbits: radial and tangential. These limits yield relative collision probabilities that bracket the probabilities we obtain directly from numerical scattering experiments and are designed to reveal important information about the (time-averaged) trajectories of the particles as a function of the interaction parameters. Finally, we present a collision rate diagram (CRD), which directly compares the predictions of our analytic rates to the simulations and quantifies the quality of the agreement. The CRD will facilitate refining our analytic collision rates in future work, as we expand in to the remaining parameter space.

KW - Binaries: close

KW - Globular clusters: general

KW - Gravitation

KW - Scattering -methods: analytical

KW - Stars: kinematics and dynamics

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U2 - 10.1093/mnras/stx1704

DO - 10.1093/mnras/stx1704

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85051780060

VL - 471

SP - 1830

EP - 1840

JO - Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

JF - Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

SN - 0035-8711

IS - 2

ER -