Smoking cessation assistance for patients with bladder cancer: A national survey of American urologists

Marc A. Bjurlin, Sandra M. Goble, Courtney M P Hollowell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

69 Scopus citations


Purpose Cigarette smoking is a known risk factor for bladder cancer. How urologists address smoking cessation among patients with bladder cancer is not well-known. We assessed the practice patterns of American urologists regarding smoking cessation assistance for patients with bladder cancer. Materials and Methods A questionnaire regarding smoking cessation practice patterns was sent to 1,821 American urologists in the 2008 American Urological Association membership directory. Responses were summarized with frequency and percent. Statistical comparison was made using chi-square tests. Multiple logistic regression was used to detect significant predictors of providing smoking cessation assistance. Results Responses were received from 601 urologists who collectively treated an estimated 14,713 patients with bladder cancer in the last year. More than half (55.6%) of urologists never discuss smoking cessation while only 19.8% always discuss smoking cessation with patients with bladder cancer. Of urologists who never discuss smoking cessation 40.7% believe that smoking cessation may not alter the course or outcome of the disease and 37.7% do not feel qualified giving smoking cessation counseling. Most urologists (93.7%) have never had formal smoking cessation training. Urologists with smoking cessation training were more likely to always provide smoking cessation assistance compared to those without training (20.6% vs 6.0%, p = 0.0011). Number of patients with bladder cancer treated (OR 3.96) and formal smoking cessation training (OR 13.49) were significant predictors of providing smoking cessation assistance. Conclusions American urologists demonstrate a low rate of providing smoking cessation assistance to patients with bladder cancer. Urologists who are trained in smoking cessation most commonly provide smoking cessation assistance. We recommend integrating formal smoking cessation instruction into courses that address bladder cancer and strongly encourage the American Urological Association to adopt practice pattern guidelines.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1901-1906
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Urology
Issue number5
StatePublished - Nov 1 2010


  • Smoking cessation
  • Urinary bladder
  • Urinary bladder neoplasms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology


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