Smoothed particle inference analysis and abundance calculations of DEM L71, and comparison to SN explosion models

Jared Siegel, Vikram V. Dwarkadas*, Kari Frank, David N. Burrows, Aldo Panfichi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


We analyze the X-ray emission from the supernova remnant DEM L71 using the smoothed particle inference (SPI) technique. The high Fe abundance found appears to confirm the Type Ia origin. Our method allows the separation of the material ejected in the supernova explosion from the material swept up by the supernova shock wave. We are able to calculate the total mass of this swept-up material to be about 228 ± 23 M. We plot the posterior distribution for the number density parameter, and create a map of the density structure within the remnant. While the observed density shows substantial variations, we find our results are generally consistent with a two-dimensional hydrodynamical model of the remnant that we have run. Assuming the ejected material arises from a Type Ia explosion, with no hydrogen present, we use the predicted yields from Type Ia models available in the literature to characterize the emitting gas. We find that the abundance of various elements match those predicted by deflagration-to-detonation transition (DDT) models. Our results, compatible with the Type Ia scenario, highlight the complexity of the remnant and the nature of the surrounding medium.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)163-169
Number of pages7
JournalAstronomische Nachrichten
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1 2020


  • ISM: individual (DEM L71)
  • ISM: supernova remnants
  • X-rays: individuals (DEM L71)
  • methods: data analysis
  • shock waves

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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