Purpose: Since its introduction, the Snodgrass hypospadias repair has been applied to virtually all forms of hypospadias repair. However, fistula rates have still been reported to be as high as 5% from large center, multiple surgeon studies and 16% from smaller center studies. We report on the use of the Snodgrass repair in conjunction with routine use of a vascularized dartos flap and 2-layer closure of the neourethra from multiple institutions. Materials and Methods: Records of patients who underwent a primary 1-stage hypospadias repair with the Snodgrass technique in conjunction with vascularized dartos flap coverage were reviewed. Nearly identical surgical technique was used by all 6 surgeons in each case, which included a 2-layer closure of the neourethra, preservation of the well vascularized periurethral tissue and routine use of vascularized dartos flap coverage. A total of 514 cases were identified, including 414 with distal and 100 with midshaft or proximal hypospadias. Stents were used in 292 of the 514 repairs. Results: Of the 414 distal cases there were no fistulas and 1 case of meatal stenosis. Of the 100 proximal cases there were 3 fistulas and 1 case of meatal stenosis. The overall complication rate was less than 1% for all cases combined. Conclusions: This series represents the largest reported multi-institutional experience with the Snodgrass technique. When used in conjunction with vascularized dartos flap coverage, 2-layer closure of the neourethra and special attention to preservation of the periurethral vascular supply, this repair can be performed with a near 0 complication rate. We believe that this is the optimal repair for routine cases of hypospadias.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Journal of Urology|
|Issue number||4 II|
|State||Published - Oct 1 2002|
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