Social Determinants of Remitting Practices among Bangladeshi Migrants in Japan

Hasan Mahmud*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Why do migrants send remittances? Through ethnographic fieldwork and in-depth interviews among Bangladeshi migrants in Tokyo, this article explores the social determinants of migrants' remitting practices. It offers a realist analytical approach following Durkheim's perspective on how society determines an individual's action. It recognizes social relations between the migrants and their families and relatives as the essential foundation for remitting to occur, while migrants' adherence to social norms, as well as legal and social exclusion in the destination, causes them to participate in various qualitatively distinct remitting practices. Therefore, it argues that migrants' social relations to the family and community cause them to remit, and changes in these relations result in subsequent changes in their remitting. It complements the New Economics of Labor Migration (NELM) approach by incorporating the social (both relational and spatial) context of remitting. By bringing in migrants' agency, it also overcomes the limitations in social-cultural approaches that prioritize structural determinants.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)95-112
Number of pages18
JournalSociological Perspectives
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2017


  • Durkheim
  • critical realism
  • determinants
  • migrants' remitting
  • social action

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science


Dive into the research topics of 'Social Determinants of Remitting Practices among Bangladeshi Migrants in Japan'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this