|Title of host publication||The International Encyclopedia of Communication|
|State||Published - 2008|
Human survival is based on the ability to exchange resources, and as a result of evolution, the human brain has adapted so as to facilitate exchange (Cosmides & Tooby 2005). Communication is a tool by which individuals can negotiate an exchange ([RIGHTWARDS ARROW] Negotiation and Bargaining) as well as provide resources (Roloff 1981). Appropriately, communication scholars have used social exchange theories to guide their research. Interpersonal researchers have applied these frameworks to a variety of relational processes ([RIGHTWARDS ARROW] Disclosure in Interpersonal Communication; Interpersonal Conflict; Relationship Development; Relational Maintenance). Organizational researchers have found the frameworks useful for investigating [RIGHTWARDS ARROW] supervisor–subordinate relationships, as well as other aspects of the workplace (Cropanzano & Mitchell 2005).