Socioeconomic determinants of food allergy burden: A clinical introduction: A clinical introduction

Christopher Warren*, Tami Bartell, Sai R. Nimmagadda, Lucy A. Bilaver, Jennifer Koplin, Ruchi S. Gupta

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Objective: This review characterizes what is currently known about how prevalence, severity, distribution, and management of food allergy (FA) differ across socioeconomic strata and provides guidance for practicing clinicians about how to improve equity in research participation, health care delivery, and patient outcomes through a deeper understanding of the socioeconomic determinants of FA. Data Sources: Epidemiologic and biomedical literature published before April 2022. Results: Socioeconomic status (SES) is a complex concept that encompasses not only economic resources (eg, income, wealth) but also a person's social, economic, and political power and standing, each of which can affect health. However, in many studies of individuals and families with FA, assessment of SES has been limited and often a respondent's membership within a racial and ethnic group is used as a proxy for low SES. As a whole, findings from US population-based studies indicate a consistent trend: those who self-identify as non-Hispanic Black, and to a lesser extent other subpopulations who identify as being of non-White race and ethnicity, experience a greater burden of food-allergic sensitization and disease including higher rates of emergency health care utilization and food-induced anaphylactic fatality as compared with those identifying as non-Hispanic White. Conclusion: Reports of FA management and outcomes highlight inequities among specific low SES populations in the United States. Clinicians can and should act to reduce inequities by engaging more diverse populations in clinical research, equitably implementing FA risk screening and prevention, thoughtfully using emerging technologies to ameliorate disparities based on SES in health care delivery and outcomes, and advocating for social change.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)407-416
Number of pages10
JournalAnnals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology


Dive into the research topics of 'Socioeconomic determinants of food allergy burden: A clinical introduction: A clinical introduction'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this